A tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure that repairs or reconstructs the eardrum (tympanic membrane). This procedure may also involve repair or reconstruction of the small bones behind the tympanic membrane if needed. Both the eardrum and middle ear bones need to function well together for normal hearing to occur.
The aim of this procedure is to remove the cholesteatoma, prevent future complications and spread of infection to other structures, and to leave the canal wall intact. Combined approach tympanoplasty involves removal of the mastoid air-cells while retaining the bony walls of the ear canal intact. Surgery is performed under the effect of general anaesthesia.
Following general anaesthesia, you will need to arrange for a responsible adult to pick you up from hospital, take you home and stay with you for 24 hours after discharge. Depending on how fit and active you are before your operation, you may need to arrange for someone to stay with you for a few days.